Transcend HR Consultancy is the Placement Consultants / Agency for Oil & Gas jobs Recruitments for gulf countries. Our Services backed by the rich database that allows us to deliver the best possible results. We are Expertise in identifying right professionals who are suitable for job profile within short time span, here are few of Jobs which our Placement Consultants specialize in are Project Managers, Safety Engineers, Operation Technicians, Engineers -Mechanical, Civil, Electrical, Design and Instrument, QA/QC Engineers, Welders, Pipe Fitters, Riggers Other Skilled , Semi-Skilled and Un-Skilled Labors. Our seven key factors sum up to be effective Placement Consultants & Recruiter
- Keep the Big Picture in Mind
Have a reasonable organization technique as a top priority that you can refer to at whatever point you’re hoping to fill a position. Keep it on a clingy note, composed in your telephone or just submit it to memory. When finding out about a potential up-and-comer, distinguish if their aptitudes, character, and experience are the best fit for driving your association to development. Ask yourself, “Will this individual assistance my association arrive at our definitive vision?” If you can’t unhesitatingly answer indeed, it’s an ideal opportunity to continue sourcing.
- Dig Deeper
We all know that possessing the right skills is not enough to qualify a candidate as the right hire. Your job as a recruiter is to find the candidates who are not only qualified for the job, but who also fit the company culture. Ask the right questions and don’t be afraid to dig a little deeper in the interview process. Identify which characteristics or values your successful employees commonly possess, and then create interview questions that help single out candidates with similar attributes.
- Think outside the Box
When possible, emphasize the job need rather than the skills. If a candidate has previously performed a similar job, they probably have the skills (or the ability to learn them). So instead of listing every skill that candidate should possess, clearly explain the key job expectations. This will help enhance your talent community by including a more diverse group of candidates with varying experience and backgrounds without sacrificing the quality of hire.
If you want to engage passive candidates, you need to figure out how to target effectively for a career move. Try to imagine the career story of your top three ideal candidates. What roles did they fill before? What skills did they possess that made them a good fit? Once you’ve answered questions like these, you’ll have a better idea of how to make your job postings resonate with passive candidates.
- Continually Self Improve
Master and strengthen all of your sources for candidates. This includes boosting the yield and quality of candidates coming in via your job posting efforts. To do this, relentlessly study what makes a job posting effective, try new marketing tactics, test your actions and apply what you’ve learned to strengthen your job ads. Also, stay up-to-date on the latest recruiting news and best practices so that you can leverage the information.
- Nurture Your Talent Community
Periodically reach out to candidates in your Talent Community to see what’s new with them, if they’ve acquired any new skills, or if they have referrals to share from their personal network. You can keep in touch with new and old connections via the phone, email, message system, or physical gatherings. The amount of input you invest yields a corresponding amount of output. That’s why it’s so critical for recruiters to build and maintain relationships with their Talent Community, past clients, and alumni.
The main takeaway is that you need to initiate conversations to boost awareness for your positions. Become an exceptional networker, and become proficient in passive candidate recruiting.
- Track Metrics
Identifying the results of your efforts each day is the best way to improve your recruitment practices. Utilize analytical tools that help you understand your recruiting initiatives from a high-level perspective. By reviewing critical recruitment metrics, you can decipher which recruiting tactics are working and which are not. Then, you can readjust your actions to maximize your ROI.
- Be Proactive
Instead of focusing entirely on current open reqs, start thinking about the future hiring needs of your organization. Are certain departments growing? Are any leaders planning on retiring soon? Based on your company’s expectations, start building a strong talent network of prospective candidates who would excel in the roles that may become available. As a result, you’ll be prepared to the source once the company decides to hire for that position.
Becoming a great recruiter takes persistence, strategy and the passion to connect organizations with the right candidates. If you have the will to succeed, coupled with the right tactics and tools, you can start aggressively honing your recruiting skills today. Try incorporating these seven recruitment best practices into your day-to-day functions to improve your actions and produce great results.
Transcend HR Consultancy stands as an epitome of ingenuity for incorporating the latest innovations in areas of testing & training facilities and equipment.
Our integrity is the bedrock of the foundation on which Transcend stands. Our services cater to a diverse list of industries, namely: Engineering & Construction, Energy, Power & Water, Oil & Gas, Facility Management.
As per Indian Emigration Act, 1983 which regulates recruitment of Indian workers for Overseas, an “Employer” is defined as a person providing or offering to provide employment (in his/her own establishment) in any country or place outside India.
Thus, an employer” is one who provides employment to Indian workers in his establishment or who offers to provide employment to Indian workers in his establishment. It may be noted that Indian Emigration Act does not recognize the role of any intermediaries in the process of recruitment other the employer. Hence the employer should take up the recruitment on his own (either after obtaining his own permit or through the Registered Agent) as per legal provisions in India without involving any intermediaries both in his country as well as India.
The permit shall be subject to the following conditions, namely;
- The permit is not transferable;
- the permit is valid for a period of six months from the date of issue or the date of completion of the recruitment, whichever is earlier;
- Workers recruited on the strength of this permit shall not be repatriated on the ground that they do not possess the required skill;
- The holder of the permit shall not obtain the assistance of a recruiting agent in any manner;
- The employment agreement with the worker shall be signed by the holder of the permit;
- The holder of the permit shall be under obligation to treat the contract entered into with the worker as enforceable under the Labour Laws of the country of employment. It shall be his responsibility to file copies of the contracts with the concerned authorities in the country of employment;
- The holder of the permit shall not supply manpower recruited on the strength of this permit to any other agency or concern;
- The holder of the permit shall be responsible for the general welfare and redressal of specific grievances of the workers recruited on the strength of the permit during the period of the contract;
- The holder of the permit shall not extend the services of a worker after the expiry of contract without entering into a fresh contract or without extending the existing contract;
- The holder of the permit shall notify the Indian Mission in the country of employment each case of death or disability of a worker within 48 hours of the occurrence of the event. Similarly, the information should be communicated to the next of kin in India in case of disability/death within 48 hours;
- The holder of the permit is prohibited from supplying manpower for work in another country to a country other than the country from which the permit has been issued.
- The holder of the Permit shall-
- Provide details of employment, including contract conditions, to the intending emigrants before recruitment;
- Ensure proper reception of the emigrant in the country of employment;
- Ensure that subsequent to the employment, the employer shall not alter the contract of employment;
- Ensure timely action for renewal of documents authorizing stay of emigrant in the country of employment;
- Not deprive the emigrant of the custody of his travel and employment documents;
- Ensure advertisement for the genuineness of employer’s in respect of recruitment before it is released and shall refrain any inducement of misrepresentation in this regard;
- File copies of all advertisements for recruitment to the Protector General of emigrants immediately after their publication or release.
The following are the three major mandatory documents required to be authorized by the employer in his letterhead and given to the Registered Agents in Indian to undertake recruitment of Indian workers.
- Demand Letter: A “demand means” the category wise, skill-wise number of workers required by the employer for being employed in his establishment. This includes a description of job-specifications and salary offered. This should be in the letterhead of the employer addressed to the registered agent in India.
- Power of Attorney: An employer shall authorize a recruiting agent in India, registered under the provisions of the Act, by a power of attorney executed in favor of the recruiting agent authorizing that recruiting agent for the purposes of the recruitment of persons on his behalf.
The above power of attorney shall be valid for the period of the employment contract of the recruited workers even if the certificate of registration of such recruiting agent ceases to be valid before that period. Unless specified normally the power of attorney is construed to be valid for one year from the date of issue.
- Specimen Contract of Employment: In addition to the above, the employer is also, required to provide a “Specimen Contract of employment” in his letterhead duly authorized to indicate the various terms and conditions of employment of the worker in advance.
Prior attestation of recruitment documents” means a kind of authorization done by the Indian missions on the recruitment documents to certify the authenticity and genuine of the documents as well as the requirement for the workers by the Employer.
Currently, the Government of India has notified that for recruitment of Indian workers to the following Five Countries prior attestation of recruitment documents (Demand Letter, Power of Attorney and specimen contract of employment) for all categories is mandatory without which the employer/Indian Registered Agent will not be permitted to undertake recruitment in India by the Protectors of Emigrants. These Countries are
- Jordan and
Prior attestation of recruitment documents by all Indian missions is mandatory for the recruitment of following specific categories of Indian workers:
- Labour (all kinds of general labor)
- Cleaner/ Cleaning Worker/ Cleaning Labour etc.
- Operator ( General Machine operators)
- House boy
- Domestic Cook / House cook
- Domestic Driver / House Driver
- Domestic Servant (Male/ Female)
- Gardener/ House Gardner.
- Domestic worker (Male /Female)
- Office Boy/ Office worker
- Agricultural workers/ Farmworkers
- Others Unskilled.
Under the directions of Govt. of India, the Indian Missions notify the minimum wages from time to time that should be adopted for payment by the Foreign Employers for various categories of Indian workers. These rates are notified after taking into consideration various factors prevailing in the local labor market in the respective countries. The rates are available in the websites of the Indian Missions as well as the Offices of Protectors of Emigrants in India. The same is also available with the Indian Registered Agents.
The employers are therefore advised to consult these rates and prefer their demand duly complying with the norms fixed by the Govt of India in this regard. The same should be mentioned category wise in the specimen contract for scrutiny by the POE in India. Demands failing to comply with the minimum wages prescribed will be rejected by the Protectors of Emigrants in India. The current rates of minimum wages for Indian workers in ECR countries are given here.
‘Emigration Clearance’ (EC) is the legal authorization for ‘emigration’ obtained in the prescribed manner and form from the Protector of Emigrants (POE). Emigration clearance is issued under provisions of Sec 22(1) of the Emigration Act 1983. This authorization is currently issued in the form of a ‘security sticker’ duly signed by the POE and gets pasted on the passport of the emigrant who requires Emigration Clearance.
All Indian citizens whose Passports have been categorized as “Emigration Check Required” (ECR) are required to obtain Emigration Clearance (EC) from the POEs before proceeding to specified “ECR Countries” for the purpose of employment. As of now, the Passports of all those persons whose educational qualification is below matric or 10th Standard are categorized as ECR Passports. An endorsement (ECR seal/stamp/remark) to this effect is provided either in the second page or in the last page of the Passport by the passport authorities in India ie. Regional Passport officers (RPOs) at the time of issue of Passports.
The employers are, therefore, advised to be aware of these legal requirements before recruiting Indian workers as well ensure that the Indian workers recruited obtain necessary Emigration Clearance if they are of ECR category. Recruiting Indian Workers without adhering to these legal requirements is illegal.
Emigration Check Required” (ECR) Countries are countries notified by the Government of India for which it is mandatory for every individual holding Passport(s) in the said ECR country to obtain ‘Emigration
Clearance’ (EC) from the ‘POE’ before proceeding on employment to any such countries. List
of 17 ECR countries is as below:
- United Arab Emirates (UAE)
- Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)
- Sultanate of Oman
Certifications for Mechanical Engineer:-
Reliability, Vibration Analysis & Lubricant Analyst Certification:
Certified Reliability Professional by CFR Chennai
CMRP – Certified Maintenance & Reliability professional
CMRT – Certified Maintenance & Reliability Technician
Asset Reliability Practitioner (ARP) Category I by Mobius Institute
Asset Reliability Practitioner (ARP) Category II by Mobius Institute
Asset Reliability Practitioner (ARP) Category III by Mobius Institute
Vibration Analysis Level-I Certified by Mobius Institute
Vibration Analysis Level-II Certified by Mobius Institute
Vibration Analysis Level-III Certified by Mobius Institute
Vibration Analysis Level-IV Certified by Mobius Institute
Vibration Analysis CAT-I Certified by VI
Vibration Analysis CAT-II Certified by VI
Vibration Analysis CAT-III Certified by VI
Vibration Analysis CAT-IV Certified by VI
Machine Lubricant Analyst Level I by ICML
Machine Lubricant Analyst Level II by ICML
Machine Lubricant Analyst Level III by ICML
Machinery Lubrication Technician I by ICML
Machinery Lubrication Technician II by ICML
Laboratory Lubricant Analyst I by ICML
Laboratory Lubricant Analyst II by ICML
Machinery Lubrication Engineer by ICML
API 510 – Pressure Vessel Inspector
API 570 – Piping Inspector
API 653 – Above Ground Storage Tank Inspector
API TES – Tank Entry Supervisor
API 1169 – Pipeline Construction Inspector
API 571 – Corrosion and Materials
API 577 – Welding Inspection and Metallurgy
API 580 – Risk Based Inspection
API 936 – Refractory Personnel
API SIFE – Source Inspector Fixed Equipment
API SIEE – Source Inspector Electrical Equipment
API SIRE – Source Inspector Rotating Equipment
API IAQ1 – Internal Auditor Q1
API IAQ2 – Internal Auditor Q2
API AQ1 – Auditor Q1
API AQ2 – Auditor Q2
API LAQ1 – Lead Auditor Q1
API LAQ2 – Lead Auditor Q2
API QUPA – Qualification of Ultrasonic Testing Examiners (Phased Array)
API QUSE – Qualification of Ultrasonic Testing Examiners (Sizing)
API QUSE-PA – Qualification of Ultrasonic Testing Examiners (Cracking Sizing)
API QUTE-TM – Qualification of Ultrasonic Testing Examiners (Thicknes Measurement)
ACCP Level II Certified UT professional
ACCP Level II Certified MT professional
ACCP Level II Certified PT professional
ACCP Level II Certified RT professional
ACCP Level II Certified VT professional
ACCP Level III Certified UT professional
ACCP Level III Certified MT professional
ACCP Level III Certified PT professional
ACCP Level III Certified RT professional
ACCP Level III Certified VT professional
ASNT Level III Certified UT professional
ASNT Level II Certified MT professional
ASNT Level II Certified PT professional
ASNT Level II Certified RT professional
ASNT Level II Certified VT professional
ASNT Level III Certified UT professional
ASNT Level III Certified MT professional
ASNT Level III Certified PT professional
ASNT Level III Certified RT professional
ASNT Level III Certified VT professional
ASNT Industrial Radiography and Radiation Safety Personnel (IRRSP)
ASNT Industry Sector Qualification (ISQ) for Oil & Gas
AWS Certified Associate Welding Inspector
AWS Certified Welding Inspector
AWS Senior Certified Welding Inspector
AWS Certified Welding Educator
AWS Certified Radiographic Interpreter
AWS Certified Welding Supervisor
AWS Certified Welding Sales Representative
AWS Certified Welding Engineer
AWS Certified Welder
PCN Ultrasonic Testing Level 1
PCN Ultrasonic Testing Level 2
PCN Ultrasonic Testing Level 3
PCN Ultrasonic Testing: Critical Defect Sizing
PCN Ultrasonic Testing: TOFD Level 2
PCN Ultrasonic Testing: TOFD Level 3
PCN Ultrasonic Testing: Phased Array Level 2
PCN Ultrasonic Testing: Phased Array Level 3
PCN Magnetic Particle Testing Level 1
PCN Magnetic Particle Testing Level 2
PCN Magnetic Particle Testing Level 3
PCN Eddy Current (Welds) Level 1
PCN Eddy Current (Welds) Level 2
PCN Eddy Current (Welds) Level 3
PCN Penetrant Testing Level 1
PCN Penetrant Testing Level 2
PCN Penetrant Testing Level 3
PCN Visual Testing Level 1
PCN Visual Testing Level 2
PCN Visual Testing Level 3
PCN Radiographic Testing Level 1
PCN Radiographic Testing Level 2
PCN Radiographic Testing Level 3
PCN Radiographic Interpretation Level 2
PCN Computed Radiography Level 1
PCN PCN Computed Radiography Level 2
PCN Computed Radiography Level 3
PCN Basic Radiation Safety (BRS)
PCN Radiation Safety Supervisor (RPS)
PCN Computed Radiographic Interpretation Level 2
CSWIP 3.0 Visual Welding Inspector Level I
CSWIP 3.1 Welding Inspector Level II
CSWIP 3.2.1 Senior Welding Inspector without radiographic interpretation Level III
CSWIP 3.2.2 Senior Welding Inspector with radiographic interpretation Level IV
CSWIP Certification of Cathodic Protection Personnel Level -I (Basic)
CSWIP Certification of Cathodic Protection Personnel Level -II (Intermediate)
CSWIP Certification of Cathodic Protection Personnel Level -III (Advanced)
CSWIP-BGAS Senior Pipeline Inspector Grade 1R
CSWIP-BGAS Senior Pipeline Inspector Grade 1A
CSWIP-BGAS Senior Pipeline Inspector Grade 2
CSWIP-BGAS Senior Welding Inspector
CSWIP-BGAS Welding Inspector
CSWIP-BGAS Ultrasonic Operator
CSWIP-BGAS Ultrasonic Inspector Plate
CSWIP-BGAS Radiographic Interpreter
CSWIP-BGAS Magnetic Particle Inspector
CSWIP-BGAS Mill Coating Inspector
CSWIP-BGAS Site Coating Inspector
CSWIP-BGAS Painting Inspector Grade 1
CSWIP-BGAS Painting Inspector Grade 2
CSWIP-BGAS Painting Supervisor Grade 4
CSWIP-BGAS Blast Cleaning/Preparation Operative Grade 5A
CSWIP-BGAS Painting Operative Grade 5B
CSWIP-BGAS Agricultural/Environmental Inspector
CSWIP Certification of Welding Supervisors
CSWIP Certification of Plant Inspectors Level I
CSWIP Certification of Plant Inspectors Level II
CSWIP Certification of Plant Inspectors Level III
CSWIP Certification of Welding Instructors
CSWIP Certification of Specialist Welding Instructors
NACE CIP Coating Inspector Certification Level 1
NACE CIP Coating Inspector Certification Level 2
NACE CIP Coating Inspector Certification Level 3 Peer Review
NACE CIP Coating Inspector Certification Specialties
NACE Cathodic Protection Certification CP Tester
NACE Cathodic Protection Certification CP Technician
NACE Cathodic Protection Certification CP Technician – Maritime
NACE Cathodic Protection Certification CP Technologist
NACE Cathodic Protection Certification CP Specialist
NACE Refining Corrosion Technologist
NACE Corrosion Technician
NACE Corrosion Technologist
NACE O-CAT Technician
NACE Senior Corrosion Technologist
NACE Certified Coating Applicator
NACE Protective Coating Technician
NACE S-CAT Technician
NACE Internal Corrosion Technologist – Pipeline Certification
NACE Internal Corrosion Technologist – Pipeline Certification
NACE PCIM Technician – Pipeline Certification
NACE PCIM Technologist – Pipeline Certification
NACE Senior Internal Corrosion Technologist – Pipeline Certification
NACE MR0175 Certified User Carbon Steel (CS) Certification
NACE MR0175 Certified User Corrosion Resistant Alloy (CRA) Certification
NACE Corrosion Specialist
NACE Protective Coating Specialist
Certification for Electrical Engineers:
NFPA 70E, Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace
NFPA 110, Standard for Emergency and Standby Power Systems
NFPA 111, Standard on Stored Electrical Energy Emergency and Standby Power Systems
NFPA Certified Electrical Safety Compliance Professional (CESCP)
NFPA Certified Emergency Power Systems Specialist (CEPSS-HC)
NFPA Certified Emergency Power Systems Specialist (CEPSS)
NFPA Certified Electrical Safety Worker (CESW)
NFPA Certified Electrical Safety Technician (CEST)
International Association of Electrical Inspectors – Certified Electrical Inspector Inspector Examination
Comp Ex (ATEX) Certified Inspector
Certified Energy Manager (CEM) certification from AEE USA
Certification for Civil Engineers:
ACI Aggregate Testing Technician – Level 1
ACI Aggregate Testing Technician – Level 2
ACI Aggregate/Soils Base Testing Technician
ACI Cement Physical Tester
ACI-ICT EN Standards Concrete Field Testing Technician
ACI Concrete Field Testing Technician – Grade I – MOST POPULAR
ACI CSA-Based Concrete Field Testing Technician – Grade I (Canada Only)
ACI Self-Consolidating Concrete Testing Technician
ACI Concrete Laboratory Testing Technician – Level 1
ACI Concrete Laboratory Testing Technician – Level 2
ACI Concrete Strength Testing Technician
ACI Masonry Field Testing Technician
ACI Masonry Laboratory Testing Technician
ACI Adhesive Anchor Installation Inspector
ACI Post-Installed Concrete Anchor Installation Inspector
ACI Concrete Construction Special Inspector
ACI Concrete Transportation Construction Inspector
ACI Adhesive Anchor Installer
ACI Concrete Flatwork Associate, Finisher, and Advanced Finisher
ACI Decorative Concrete Flatwork Finisher and Associate
ACI Specialty Commercial/Industrial Flatwork Finisher and Technician
ACI Residential Concrete Foundation Technician
ACI Concrete Quality Technical Manager
ACI Shotcrete Nozzleman and Nozzleman-in-Training (Dry-Mix Process)
ACI Shotcrete Nozzleman and Nozzleman-in-Training (Wet-Mix Process)
ACI Tilt-Up Supervisor and Technician
Certification for Instrumentation & Control Engineer:
Honeywell Certified Associate (HCA)
Honeywell Certified Specialist (HCS)
Honeywell Certified Professional (HCP)
Industrial Automation (CPP-Certified PLC Programmer)
ISA Certified Automation Professional (CAP)
ISA Certified Control System Technician (CCST)
Control System Engineer License (CSE)
Post Graduate Diploma in Industrial Automation
DCS-Operations (TPS/TDC300) Certification
Certification for Safety Engineers:
Safety OSHA Certification:
OSHA General Industry Standards and Outreach Trainer Programs
OSHA 511: OSHA Standards for General Industry
OSHA 5119: Cal/OSHA Standards for General Industry
OSHA 501: Trainer Course for General Industry
OSHA 503: Update for General Industry Outreach Trainers
OSHA 5039: Cal/OSHA General Industry Update
OTC 304: 40-Hour Confined Space Rescue
OTC 308: Safety Inspection Techniques
OTC 310: Workplace Violence Prevention and Survival
OSHA Construction Industry Standards and Outreach Trainer Programs
OSHA 510: OSHA Standards for the Construction Industry
OSHA 5109: Cal/OSHA Standards for the Construction Industry
OSHA 500: Trainer Course for the Construction Industry
OSHA 502: Update for Construction Industry Outreach Trainers
OSHA 5029: Cal/OSHA Construction Update
OSHA 3085: Principles of Scaffolding
OTC 300: EM-385-1-1 Construction Safety and Health Awareness Course for Contractors
OTC 304: 40-Hour Confined Space Rescue
OTC 308: Safety Inspection Techniques
OTC 310: Workplace Violence Prevention and Survival
OSHA Safety Standards
OSHA 521: OSHA Guide to Industrial Hygiene
OSHA 2015: Hazardous Materials
OSHA 2045: Machinery and Machine Guarding Standards
OSHA 2225: Respiratory Protection
OSHA 2255: Principles of Ergonomics
OSHA 2264: Permit-Required Confined Space Entry
OSHA 3015: Excavation, Trenching and Soil Mechanics
OSHA 3085: Principles of Scaffolding
OSHA 3095: Electrical Standards
OSHA 3115: Fall Protection
OSHA 5410: OSHA Standards for the Maritime Industry
OSHA 5810 Hazards Recognition and Standards for On-Shore Oil and Gas Exploration and Production
OSHA 6005: Collateral Duty for Other Federal Agencies
OSHA 7415: Construction Industry Hazards and Prevention Strategies
OSHA 7505: Introduction to Incident (Accident) Investigation
OTC 304: 40-Hour Confined Space Rescue
OTC 306: Electrical Safety for Qualified Workers (NFPA 70E)
OTC 308: Safety Inspection Techniques
OTC 310: Workplace Violence Prevention and Survival
NEBOSH National General Certificate in Occupational Health and Safety
NEBOSH National Certificate in Construction and Health and Safety
NEBOSH National Certificate in Fire Safety and Risk Management
NEBOSH National Certificate in the Management of Health and Wellbeing at Work
NEBOSH Certificate in Environmental Management
NEBOSH International General Certificate in Construction Health and Safety
NEBOSH International Certificate in Fire Safety and Risk Management
NEBOSH International Technical Certificate in Oil and Gas Operational Safety
NEBOSH HSE Certificate in Process Safety Management
NEBOSH HSE Certificate in Health and Safety Leadership Excellence
NEBOSH National Diploma in Occupational Health and Safety
NEBOSH International Diploma in Occupational Health and Safety
NEBOSH International Diploma in Environmental Management
NEBOSH Diploma in Environmental Management
Project Management Certification:
Certified Project Manager (Level C) from the International Project Management Association
Certified Construction Manager (CCM)
Project Management Professional (PMP)
Program Management Professional (PgMP)
PMI Risk Management Professional (PMI-RMP)
PMI Scheduling Professional (PMI-SP)
Honeywell Six Sigma Certification
Primavera P6 (Planning & Scheduling)
Chartered Engineer – The Institution of Engineers (India)
Certificate In Project Management (CIPM) -Issuing authority Project Management Associates (PMA) – IPMA
Certified SAP Professional – PM
Certified SAP Professional – HR
Certified SAP Professional – MM
Certified SAP Professional – A & F
Certified SAP Professional – FI-CO
Certified SAP Professional – PS
What is the Turnaround | Shutdown?
Oil refineries and Petrochemical plants often halt routine production & operations to conduct preventive maintenance, revamps and upgrades. The whole plant is stopped for an extended period of time, usually measured in numbers of shifts and even number of days or months, to do equipment preventive maintenance and care; corrective repair; strip-down and overhaul; or component replacement work. And that’s what is called Turnaround | Shutdown.
What are the types of Turnaround | Shutdown? & explain?
There are two types of Shutdown
These situations are prepared and organized over many weeks and months prior to the work being done. For shutdowns of large industrial operations or for complex, difficult situations, the planning, scheduling, and organizing of work and resources can even take years to do.
There can be occasions where you have a forced plant outage or a forced maintenance outage. These are stoppages which are unplanned events causing the operation of equipment to stop. They may be equipment breakdowns, They can also be disruption of services, like utility power supply loss or unavailability of raw materials.
What are the Types of Shutdown Projects?
Shutdown project planning and scheduling is an important function that has a direct and dramatic impact on maintenance costs and bottom-line profitability of a process plant.
Maintenance costs are the result of the expenditure of manpower, equipment, and materials. Keep manpower and equipment usage efficient, and you will control your shutdown costs.
All the major process industries like refining, petrochemicals, power generation, etc., have their own terminology for maintenance projects. “Shutdown” is intended to encompass all types of industrial projects for existing process plants including:
- Inspection & Testing
- Emergency outages
- Debottlenecking projects
- Catalyst regeneration
List out the Shutdown Work?
The Shutdown work list should be prepared in sections, to make it easier to organize work, as well as to facilitate review and modifications to the list.
The sections should follow the order of the list of ancillary equipment, such as towers, vessels, drums, fired heaters, heat exchangers, rotating equipment, piping, instruments and electrical, etc.
Sections for piping, instruments, electrical and miscellaneous work can describe all the works which are not specifically associated with any of the major process equipment.
The worklist should describe in sufficient detail the amount of work, both routine preparation as well as inspection and repairs. This will enable the planner to develop a good work scope.
Routine preparation work consists of required activities which are well-known or can be easily established before the turnaround starts. These activities include:
- Erecting and dismantling scaffolding
- Insulation removal and re-installation
- Installing/removing blinds
- Opening/closing manways
- Equipment cleaning/decontamination
- Initial equipment inspections & testing
Non-routine activities include all repair/replacement work, including post-repair inspections, x-rays, hydro tests, stress relieving, etc.
What are the Stages of Shutdown Projects?
The Shutdown Projects has 3 stages
- Pre Shutdown Work
- Shutdown Execution
- Post Shutdown Work
- Pre shutdown work:
This stage occurs right before full-scale execution. Pre shutdown work focuses on training and orientation needs, mobilization and final execution plans. Operations, maintenance, and contractors must be completely aligned.
This is an opportunity for all parties to understand the scope of work to be done, the sequence and details of the shutdown process, and also leads them to prepare for the entry.
During this stage, the core team’s activities should focus on:
- Objective & Teambuilding.
- Maintenance & contractor orientation and training the execution Manpower.
- Safety plan implementation.
- Detailed execution plan.
- Cost tracking and reporting.
- Handover the plant to the contactor
- Install temporary offices, stores, and tool houses.
- Mobilize the execution Manpower.
- Beginning the prefabrication work.
- Beginning the on-site pre-shutdown work.
- Finalized the shutdown worklist.
During this stage, the core team’s focus moves from planning to execution. The individual responsible for execution should assume the leadership of the team. This stage begins as feed is reduced and includes shutdown, preparation for entry, work execution, and start-up, all of which should be covered in the detailed plan of Critical Path and Critical Mass Jobs.
During execution, the core team’s activities should focus on:
- Pre-start-up safety review.
- Unit shut down and preparation for entry.
- Daily shutdown meetings.
- Schedule reviews and updates.
- Repair works under Progress as per shutdown worklist
- Daily cost tracking and reporting.
- Additional work review and processing.
- Tracking additional work and scope changes.
- Documenting all repairs.
- Documenting all inspections.
This stage covers demobilization, documentation, cost reports, and most importantly, lessons learned that could be carried forward to the next shutdown. Executing this stage in a timely manner with a quality result will depend on data collection effectiveness during the execution stage.
It is vital that the core team has the time to complete this aspect of their responsibilities. Successful completion of this stage can have a major impact on the next Shutdown.
During the post-shutdown work stage, the core team’s activities should focus on:
- Post-shutdown unit and lay-down area clean up.
- Resolution and disposal of excess material.
- Updating the shutdown historical database.
- Demobilization of contractors & Handover of the plant to Client.
- Release to operations.
- Start-up on schedule.
- Issuing the report of performance, final cost report & shutdown reports
- Lessons learned and recommendations for the future shutdown.
So how do you Measure the Performance and Success of Shutdown?
Common goals are zero harm, on budget, on time, hand-overs to schedule, the proportion of planned work versus unplanned, equipment commissioned to the procedure, the speed that the plant returns to full rate in-spec production. To achieve these goals, you need efficient & experienced manpower. Even after spending a huge amount of money and time it would go in vain without proper manpower, here we Transcend source people with most efficient methodologies.
During the construction stage, new pipeline systems & process equipment can suffer from internal corrosion, the internal accumulation of construction debris, build-up of microbial slimes and other unwanted fouling. It is therefore essential that all pipelines & equipment undergo thorough pre-commissioning clean in accordance with Industrial Standard. If such pre-commissioning cleaning of the pipelines and process equipment are not completed successfully then the reliability, efficiency, and life expectancy of systems can be seriously compromised.
- Pre-commissioning Chemical cleaning services including Oxygen Line services.
- Steam Blowing
- Pipeline Pigging/ Scraping
- High-Velocity Hot Water Flushing
- Lube Oil System Cleaning & Oil Flushing
- Air Blowing
- Leak testing & Hydro test
- Nitrogen Services
- Cooling Water Passivation
- Dry Ice Blasting
Pipeline Pigging / Scrapping:
To remove any debris left in the line from new construction, to fill lines for hydrostatic testing, dewatering following hydrostatic testing, drying and purging operations With a dedicated team of well trained and experienced Scrapping professionals contractors provides the complete suite of Pipeline cleaning.
Installations (boilers, heat exchangers, cooling water systems etc.) are often cleaned prior to being put into use. This procedure is called pre-commission cleaning. Various procedures carried out on the installation will have resulted in it being contaminated with grease/oil, welding scale etc. The temporary protective layer of the steel will moreover have been corroded resulting in (fly) rust. There are various methods for removing these types of contamination chemically. The method chosen will depend on, in addition to the technical aspects (from which materials has the system been constructed and the extent to which the system is contaminated), the requirements of the customer. The proper assessment of which cleaning method to apply and the subsequent implementation of it requires expertise.
Degreasing treatment for removing hydrocarbon sludge, or oily residues.
Acid treatment for removing mill scale build-up.
Passivation to protect surface layer from oxidation.
Pickling/passivation surface treatment for stainless steel.
Depending On The Application Various Cleaning Methods Can Be Used:
Circulation – pumping a cleaning solution around a process system
Soaking – used when circulation is not feasible
Cascading – to clean columns and towers
Foam – concentrated chemicals mixed with gas
Slug pigging – to clean long run pipelines using chemicals
Two-Phase Flow Cleaning (YO YO) – to clean long run non-uniform diameter pipelines
Chemical Cleaning Using Slug / Chemical Batching:
Both chemical treating and mechanical pigging offer solutions to various pipeline operating problems. However, neither method alone is likely to provide the benefits of a combination program. Chemicals are most effective and efficient when used primarily to treat problems on the pipe surface, such as the formation of wax deposits, bacteria colonies, and corrosion. Pigs are best used to prepare the pipe surface for the application of chemicals, to help distribute the chemicals evenly throughout the pipeline, and to minimize the volume of chemicals needed by removing bulk deposits and entrapped fluids.
The main purpose of Air blowing is to remove the contaminants such as debris, dust and other constituents arising out of construction activities. Chemical Cleaning Contractors can offer a full line of specialized equipment, engineering and field services required to perform both low pressure and high-pressure air blowing service Chemical Cleaning Contractors provides the engineered air blowing inefficient way to remove construction debris, loose rust, liquids, and other contaminants from process piping. Every air blow procedure is specifically engineered for the individual system being cleaned. This approach provides numerous benefits for our clients, including time effective execution by efficiently sequencing the blows, thorough cleaning guaranteed by achieving an optimal cleaning force and safe field execution through following the best industry practices.
Aqua Milling is a specialized system of high-pressure water blasting for cleaning internal pipe surfaces. The system employs a high-pressure pump and a rotating hose. A cutting nozzle is attached to the end of the rotating hose. Various size nozzles are employed depending upon the application. Using a side force jet, the nozzle travels the circumference of the pipe while rotating across the surface of the pipe, which is being cleaned by the cutting jets. The hose is rotated by utilizing an air-driven motor that is manually controlled for speed adjustment.
Lube Oil Flushing:
Chemical Cleaning Contractors specialized in removal of harmful contaminants and keep your new rotating and hydraulic equipment operating at peak performance, significantly reducing the potential for premature failure.
During the high-velocity flushing process, particles and debris are filtered out of the system by means of fine mesh filtration units. The flushing oil is sampled and analyzed throughout the flushing process by means of an external calibrated laser particle counter. The particle counter is designed to meet the new ISO 4406 cleanliness classification code, as well as the NAS 1638 code.
Advance method of particle counter
Flow rate 200 Gpm, 700 Gpm, and 2650 Gpm
Cooling Water Passivation:
Newly installed piping and heat exchangers should be pre-cleaned to remove surface rust and passivated to protect against initial corrosion prior to entering service.
High-Velocity Hot Water Flushing:
The purpose of this service is to clean the newly erected pipeline, before putting into for service, in order to prevent process-related failures. Cleaning will be achieved using Hot water circulation in a closed circuit through a 50-micron filter using Chemical Cleaning Contractors’ High-velocity Centrifugal pumps. We have pumps ranging from 25 cu.m/hr to 1200 cu.m/hr Inspection is done with a sample of the flush fluid taken in a clear jar sample bottle.
Blowing of steam through piping to remove debris from the pipe, cleaning steam lines to a steam turbine, cleaning plant expansion lines, or new installs. Using plant steam to perform targeted and non-targeted steam blows on pipelines.
We offer a number of reliable, flexible and cost-effective nitrogen solutions such as Nitrogen purging of pipework to remove Oxygen in order to create an inert atmosphere, Drying of pipework systems to client specified dew point, product displacement & Leak testing that will ensure safety and success for any Pre-commissioning project.
Leak Testing (Pneumatic & Hydro test):
The purpose of this task is to prove the integrity of Process Equipment & Pipelines.
Disinfection is the process by which a disinfectant, (chlorine usually, from sodium hypochlorite/calcium hypochlorite/bleaching powder ) is added to a water system in large amounts to kill bacteria and to burn up organic materials which serve as food for bacteria.
Advanced Cleaning Methods:
Dry Ice Blasting:
Dry ice blasting is a form of carbon dioxide cleaning, where dry ice, the solid form of carbon dioxide, is accelerated in a pressurized air stream and directed at a surface in order to clean it. An alternative media for non-abrasive blasting is water-ice, known as ice blasting. CO2 pellets have a temperature of minus 80°C and every material has a different shrinking factor, a thermo shock will decrease the adhesion of the contamination to the treated surface. The pallets penetrate through the substance and when it hits the surface it sublimes from solid into the gaseous state. Due to this increase in volume (400-800 times) the kinetic energy creates a lifting force which removes the contaminant.
Soda blasting is a mild form of abrasive blasting in which sodium bicarbonate particles are blasted against a surface using compressed air. It has a much milder abrasive effect than sandblasting. Soda blasting is a non-destructive method for many applications in cleaning, industrial equipment maintenance, rust removal, graffiti removal, molecular steel passivation against rust, oil removal by saponification and soot remediation.
When a student passes out of engineering college after completing Mechanical Engineering, there is a very question in front of him, What to do career-wise? The first option for most of the students from middle-class families is to get a job immediately through campus interview. Many top-ranking students ultimately get Jobs in Campus interview and pursue jobs totally different from their field of study. Many students of Mechanical, Civil, Electrical, Instrumentation and Chemical engineering branches are hired by IT companies for Software Development. They happily join these companies and start learning to code soon, so what they learned as basics in their field of study in Engineering becomes waste.
Some students enroll for higher education in India or abroad & later land up with MNC’s outside India, never to return. Some students join their family business and run the same or go for MBA course. Due to lack of guidance and research awareness, many students migrate to metro cities and start looking for jobs, the metro cities like Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore etc., are already overcrowded with engineers these days & these students are not employable due to lack of skillset & certification required for the job and they land up in low paying jobs.
Why Students have a lack of guidance and less awareness on the career path for the field of study in Engineering?
Most of the engineering colleges in our country lack in career counseling. The basic reason is the lack of knowledge of faculty members who only have bookish knowledge and never care to guide the students. The worst part is that students don’t know what to do and where to go after completing their degree, most of them land up with the wrong jobs and spoil their career.
During placement-drive – “HR Recruitment Process is not right” HRs are looking for CGPA (except few companies), speaking skills and not for what they have learned or done in four years of engineering.
Current scenario of Engineers (eg., Mechanical Engineer)
Each and every student who completes his/her mechanical engineering degree has unique qualities, some are good designers, some can be good in marketing, others in research and development, but these students never know their strength and weaknesses. Thus a brilliant mechanical engineer with aptitude in design ends up working as a marketing executive selling industrial valves and proves to be a poor marketing executive. A mechanical engineer with aptitude in marketing ends up as a production/quality control engineer and in turn, fails miserably. After marriage and settlement, they are unable to change their profession and forced to work in fields which are unsuitable.
So, what is the solution?
- Rather than choosing a stream of engineering with highest placement opportunities, you have to choose the stream (of engineering) which matches your talent & interest with proper core opportunities.
- Counseling from Engineering College by Highly Skilled faculties or by experts (who actually work in the field) with knowledge on current industrial trends & Job market, on their field of study in Engineering will help students focus on what to do after engineering.
- Students have to be self-motivated to research on the career path and find the right certifications/skillsets required to find job opportunities plus Career growth. For ex., there are many opportunities for mechanical engineers across industries, one of the most demanding industries is Oil & Gas, here Shutdown engineers & Pre-commissioning engineers with certifications such as Certified SAP Professional – PM, NACE (Coating & Corrosion), PCN, AWS, API, ASNT, Vibration Analysis, Machine Lubricant, Reliability, CSWIP, Primavera P6 (Planning & Scheduling) etc., are more in demand & very less in supply.
- Find the right Recruitment agency who will not only recommend the right job for the right resume/profile but will also plan/recommend the right career path.
- Expert Advice regarding similar field of work can be obtained from experienced employees present in social media platforms like LinkedIn, Facebook etc.,